NextJS is a Meta Framework that gives you almost every feature you wish React had for building apps and sites.
It promises to help you write less code offering a truly reactive experience with no virtual DOM. After trying it for a week, I feel like it's the framework I wish everybody was using.
It's seen a dramatic [rise in popularity(https://2021.stateofjs.com/en-US/libraries/front-end-frameworks/#front_end_frameworks_experience_ranking)] in the last few years that puts it within the top five frameworks.
The reason it's so popular is that it feels...well familiar. Let's build a quick search component so you can learn how it works.
Even the installation process is different than other platforms. Instead of having a CLI, you start your project using a template and a utility called degit.
This is actually a wonderful utility that can help you quickly clone an existing repo without any history.
npx degit sveltejs/template demo-svelte
npm run dev
Because you're making a clean copy of a repo, you'll need to run npm init.
git add . git commit -m "first commit"
Let's take a look at what you get when you install the project.
This is a pretty simple project, You'll notice a configuration file at the bottom.
The config file will handle the live preview, the loading of other files and the exporting of the project.
Then there's the classic folders.
public is where you put files that you want published directly on the server.
scripts is where you would add scripts for special purposes. You can see one here that can help you set the project up for TypeScript.
src is where your project will be.
src/main.js is the entry point for the application. This is where you import Svelte and look for a tag in your HTML page
In this case, it's looking for the body of the document, so it's designed to take over a whole page.
We're passing some data to our application here...the variable world. This would be a global variable accessible to every page.
and then we export the default app. If you've used React or Vue, this should make sense to you.
src/app.svelte is where the real work happens.
There are three parts to every Svelte component. The Script, the HTML and the style.
This makes a lot of sense to me. I think components should have these three parts. The css is scoped to the component...makes sense.
Part of the reason I love this framework is that it is designed to let you write less code.
A few things. It doesn't freak out if you don't create a container for the HTML.
Also, this isn't JSX, so you can use a style attribute here. You can use class instead of classname.
I don't have to export a module that returns something. The export statement just lets me initialize the variable. It's picking up the value from the global
main.js file, but I can just declare the value here.